Traffic tends to be heavy, and parking limited, in Ireland’s major cities so you are advised to use public transport when possible, especially for commuting to work.
All cities well served by public bus services. The main operator is the state-owned Coras Iompair Éireann (CIE). CIE also operates a late night bus service to Dublin airport. For detailed timetables visit www.dublinbus.ie
In addition Dublin has a suburban railway service, the DART (Dublin Area Rapid Transport), which runs along the east coast all the way from Malahide, north of Dublin, to Greystones in County Wicklow to the south.
Some Dublin suburbs also benefit from a modern tram service to the centre, the Luas.
Cork City likewise has a modern bus system serving the city and suburbs. The city’s railway hub is based at Kent station towards the east end of the city, giving access to the national and county network. There are two local lines serving the county: one for Cobh in east Cork and one serving Mallow, Charleville and Millstreet in north Cork.
More information on Cork public transport is available here.
You will find details of other urban bus services at www.buseireann.ie
Bus Éireann runs a network of bus and coach services across the country.
Irish Rail (Iarnród Éireann) runs the national rail network and jointly runs, with Northern Ireland Rail, the Enterprise high-speed rail connection with Belfast.
Dublin has a well-established bike sharing scheme and in 2015 similar schemes were unveiled in Cork, Galway and Limerick. Dublin Cycling provides advice on cycling in the city and campaigns for cyclists.
Getting home late at night would be a challenge were it not for the many taxis that you will find in designated taxi ranks. A typical 5 km journey from Dublin city centre to a suburb such as Clontarf will cost you €12-15.